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Swimwear Slopers and Patterns

Julie Cole

Source: Patternmaking with Stretch Knit Fabrics, 2016, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

A swimsuit is a close-fitting article of clothing used for swimming and sunbathing. It can be one piece or a two-piece bra and panty ensemble. A swimsuit needs to be practical and wearable, and it must stay secure at all times to be swim-ready. To accomplish this, you need to purchase the correct supplies.

Dolce and Gabbana

Rio Ali

Source: Fashion Photography Archive, 2015, Fashion Photography Archive

Designer Biography

Emilio Pucci

Rio Ali

Source: Fashion Photography Archive, 2015, Fashion Photography Archive

Designer Biography

Alberta Ferretti

Giulia Bussinello

Source: Fashion Photography Archive, 2015, Fashion Photography Archive

Designer Biography

Copperwheat Blundell

Michelle Labrague

Source: Fashion Photography Archive, 2015, Fashion Photography Archive

Designer Biography

Grading Stretch Garments

Kathy K. Mullet

Source: Concepts of Pattern Grading. Techniques for Manual and Computer Grading, 3rd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Grading garments made of stretch fabrics differs from grading garments made of rigid fabrics when the garments utilize the stretch as part of their fit and function. Garments in this category are actually cut smaller than the body dimensions for the size they are designed to fit. Swimwear, leotards, and unitards are examples of garments that fall into this category (Figure 9.1). These garments are referred to as stretch garments in this text. Fabrics that have enough stretch and recovery utilize

Swimwear on the Catwalk, 1980–2000

Ciara Phipps

Source: Fashion Photography Archive, 2015, Fashion Photography Archive

Article

This article will discuss the key styles, trends, and designers of women’s swimwear on the catwalk through the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s. It will discuss the impact of body image and the associated attitudes toward the body on the development and design of swimwear. The influence of Brazilian swimwear infiltrated Europe and America in the 1970s. The appearance of the tanga on the beaches of Rio de Janeiro, alongside the design of the thong by Gernreich in 1974, set in motion the body-baring s

The Twenties, Thirties, and World War II 1920–1947

Phyllis G. Tortora and Sara B. Marcketti

Source: Survey of Historic Costume, 6th Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

With the end of World War I, Europe and the United States hoped for a return to normalcy. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, a strong proponent of the League of Nations, campaigned arduously for ratification of the Treaty of Versailles and membership for the United States in the League. These efforts cost him his health—he suffered a breakdown in 1919—and he was an invalid for the remainder of his 17 months in office. In the end, the Senate defeated the treaty, and the United States never joined the

Specialized Portfolios: Diverse Market Segments

Joanne Ciresi Barrett

Source: Designing Your Fashion Portfolio. From Concept to Presentation, 2013, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

What makes a portfolio specialized? Reference the specializations listed in Chapter 4 for consideration. Chapter 5 presents the details of research and execution needed to make your specialized portfolio feature practical, applied, functional details to suit the client’s needs for several categories: accessories, activewear, bridal, costume, eco/green apparel, intimate apparel, millinery, swimwear, T-shirts, technical design, and urban streetwear.

Bodysuit, Leotard, and Swimsuit Foundations

Helen Joseph-Armstrong

Source: Draping for Apparel Design, 3rd Edition, 2013, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

This is an example to follow in creating other designs. Suggestion: Style lines are drawn directly on a traced copy of the bodysuit pattern or put the test fit garment on the form. Draw style lines with washable pen or pin-mark. Remove and transfer style lines to the pattern (do not cut the garment apart).

Burqinis, Bikinis and Bodies: Encounters in Public Pools in Italy and Sweden

Pia Karlsson Minganti

Source: Islamic Fashion and Anti-Fashion. New Perspectives from Europe and North America, 2013, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

The burqini is often met with resistance. Muslim women are considered to cover themselves too much. Their habits differ from ours, whether in Sweden and Italy or elsewhere in Europe. One day I experienced how this taken-for-granted assumption on European homogeneity is challenged. During a stay in Italy, I had decided to go swimming at a public swimming bath. While in the shower, washing myself before going into the pool, I noticed an information panel on the wall. It stated the regulations, incl

Digital Color Theory

Stacy Stewart Smith

Source: CAD for Fashion Design and Merchandising, 2013, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Both Illustrator® and Photoshop® have many ways to choose and use colors. Some of these were discussed in previous chapters; however, the information and tutorials in this chapter will increase your understanding. Because the science of color is vitally important to digital fashion design, merchandising, and illustration, Chapter 9 is devoted to helping you to understand how to choose, mix, and apply color using the simplest forms in Illustrator® and Photoshop®. The entire subject of color is exh

The Design Process and Specialty Apparel

Evelyn L. Brannon

Source: Designer’s Guide to Fashion Apparel, 2011, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

“The consumer wants to see value, a perceived need, and/or an emotional connection to the product. In response to this we have added value by incorporating fabric innovation and sharpening our design focus.”

Burqini

Heather Marie Akou

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

The burqini is a full-body swimsuit that combines the terms burqa and bikini. Aheda Zanetti, an Australian designer of Lebanese descent, created the burqini in 2006 as an alternative form of dress for Muslim women serving as lifeguards in Australia. Within months it became available to the general public worldwide. Buyers have included both Muslims and non-Muslims, who wear it for reasons ranging from modesty, to protection from UV light, to enhanced athletic performance. Similar full-body swimsu

Swimwear, Surfwear, and the Bronzed Body in Australia

Jennifer Craik

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

For many people, Australia is synonymous with the dream of sun, surf, and sand. Australia is perceived as a land of leisure and lounging around—preferably by the water. In order to do this, Australians dress in a casual way in swimsuits, surfwear, or leisure wear such as tank tops (sleeveless, low-necked tops) or T-shirts, shorts, and thongs (rubber sandals). Sunhats are, of course, obligatory in the Australian climate if skin cancer is to be avoided. Accordingly, popular representations of this

Sports and Dress

Ingun Grimstad Klepp

Translated by Stig Erik Sørheim

Kjetil Enstad

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

In Europe, interest in sports and outdoor life emerged in the nineteenth century. The bourgeoisie went to the countryside to experience nature. Time spent in contact with nature was viewed as a source of inner peace and spiritual development, while awareness of the importance of physical activity for beauty and health grew. With the introduction of regulated working hours and official holidays at the beginning of the twentieth century, the working classes began to have vacation and spare time, to

Dress for Recreational Sports and Professional Sports

Susan L. Sokolowski

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Sport is any athletic activity that requires physical skill, rules, or customs and specific dress and environment in order to participate. Recreational sport is any athletic activity that a person may participate in to occupy one’s spare time enjoyably, as a diversion from work or school. Some people participate in recreational sports to help manage a healthy lifestyle and improve their physique. There are a multitude of sports in which North Americans participate. Special types of dress that fac

Swimwear

Susan Ward

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Swimming and bathing were common activities in the ancient world, and the Romans built public baths in even the most remote parts of their empire. After declining during the Middle Ages, bathing was revived in the seventeenth century, when it became popular as a medicinal treatment. At spas such as Bath and Baden, where bathers sought out the warm mineral waters for their therapeutic effects, linen bathing garments—knee-length drawers and waistcoats for men, and long-sleeved linen smocks or chemi

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Bikini

Tiffany Webber-Hanchett

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Bathing

Nigel Yates

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Sea bathing became popular, largely for medical reasons, from the mid-eighteenth century onwards. Initially men bathed naked and women bathers generally wore shifts. Men and women bathed separately, from bathing machines, enclosures that were drawn out into the water. By the late nineteenth century sea bathing had become a social practice; men and women bathed together, requiring the development of bathing dress for both. Men’s swimwear changed little until the 1930s, a two-part outfit comprising

McCardell, Claire

Kohle Yohannan

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

While most of McCardell’s contemporaries followed the long-standing tradition of copying Paris fashion, McCardell looked instead to the lives of American women for her inspiration. Insisting that “clothes should be useful,” McCardell became one of the first designers to successfully translate high-styled, reasonably priced, impeccably cut clothing into the mass-production arena. Proudly American and rebelliously innovative, McCardell (who, as a student in Paris, had admired the work of Vionnet, C

Bodysuits, Leotards, and One-and Two-Piece Swimsuits

Keith Richardson

Source: Designing and Patternmaking for Stretch Fabrics, 2008, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

This chapter covers development of patterns for bodysuits, leotards, and one-piece and two-piece swimsuits. The slopers may be created from scratch or developed from the catsuit sloper. The leotard sloper may be used to create leotards, bodysuits, or any top with panty attached, as well as one-piece swimsuits. Panties and swimsuit bottoms are also covered in this chapter, but will need a separate sloper. Since there is nothing anchoring the top of the swimsuit, it behaves like a one-way stretch.

As She Walks to the Sea: A Semiology of Rio de Janeiro

Nizia Villaça

Source: The Latin American Fashion Reader, 2005, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

The sandy expanse of Copacabana, known as Sacopenapã to the indigenous population and noted for its cashew, pitanga and iamb trees, was discovered around 1886. By the 1950s, one of its neighborhoods exhibited a particular Carioca style, made immortal by the musical composition The Little Sea Princess. This score drastically altered the reputation of Copacabana as a resort for the sick, creating an image of glamor and consumption-oriented cosmopolitism. The neighborhood would become a glowing exam

Down to Basics: Swimwear und Underwear

Shaun Cole

Source: ‘Don We Now Our Gay Apparel’. Gay Men’s Dress in the Twentieth Century, 2000, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

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