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Uniforms

Nigel Arch

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

A uniform may be defined as a prescribed set of clothing peculiar to a distinct group of individuals within a society. It is distinguished by displays of hierarchy evident on parts of the dress and will usually also display emblems that act as signals only readily interpreted by other members of the group. Hierarchy is expressed in terms of rank, and badges of rank have appeared on such elements of uniform dress as the shoulder strap and cuffs of the upper body garment. Other symbols act as remin

Camouflage Cloth

John S. Major

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Official Dress, Military Uniforms, and Europeanizing Fashion Influences in Serbia

Čedomir Vasić

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The history of the Serbian people and the Serbian state in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, following centuries of foreign (Turkish) domination, was marked by efforts to establish national institutions of the European type in order to align with Western civilization. Making public servants wear uniforms following European models played a very important role in these efforts: Apart from introducing new styles of dress, new rules of conduct, and a new system of values, it contributed signifi

Body Armor

Susan Watkins

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Although the term body armor has traditionally described apparel providing physical protection for combatants, the term might apply equally well to protective garments for any situation in which humans face danger from impact. Sports equipment, construction hard hats, and medical splints have often been inspired by military armor. There are a number of forms of armor: flexible fabric garments; scalar armor; plate armor; mail; lamellar armor, and combination armor incorporating both rigid and flex

Military and Civil Uniforms in Australia

Craig Wilcox

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Lacking the powerful and intimidating presence exerted in authoritarian and militaristic societies, uniforms have nonetheless been ubiquitous in Australia for the past two hundred years. A large minority of men have worn them since the 1860s, if only for a few hours a week as citizen soldiers or volunteer firefighters. In the 1940s a significant minority of women and the majority of children began to wear uniforms too, the former in the military or at work, the latter in school. The first uniform

Representing Authority: New Forms of Official Identity

Richard Wrigley

Source: The Politics of Appearances. Representations Of Dress In Revolutionary France 2002

Book chapter

The earliest days of the Revolution had seen the creation of the National Guard, an institution whose adoption of a uniform corresponded to the expression of a newly forged patriotic unity. To some extent, this proved to be a relatively uncontentious phenomenon in so far as the creation of a uniform was consistent with the essentially military nature of the Guard. Uniforms were, however, strongly associated with hierarchy. In the case of the Guard, this related to the social status of its members

Introduction: Empires and Hinterland Warriors

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

The charge of the Light Brigade at Balaclava in the Crimea, immortalized in the poetry of Alfred, Lord Tennyson, ranks as one of the best-known episodes of glory (and disaster) in British military history. In addition to Tennyson’s poem, the famous charge has been the subject of at least two feature-length films (one, from 1936, starred Errol Flynn and Olivia De Havilland; the other, produced in 1968, was directed by Tony Richardson and featured Trevor Howard, David Hemmings, John Gielgud and Van

The Military Uniform: General Principles of Its Evolution

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

In this chapter several aspects of the literature on the history of military uniforms will be considered. It not the intention to present a general history of the military uniform (a formidable task – see the encyclopaedic treatment of Knötel, Knötel and Seig 1937), but rather to present principles that have been put forward as having an impact on the evolution of the military uniform, and to consider some of the limitations of the data and literature relevant to or describing military uniforms o

Hussars: Horsemen of the Eastern Frontier

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

Un hussard qui n’est pas mort à trente ans n’est qu’en Jean Foutre(A hussar who isn’t dead at thirty is a blackguard)

Other Horsemen from the East: Uhlans and Cossacks

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

He saw the lances rise and fall for a moment, and a friend of his went down. The horses began to rear and bite and kick, and man after man went down among their feet and he saw them trying to ward off the lances with their hands. And then the horse he had taken was killed by a thrust of a lance and he was down himself and thought he was done for, and lay there under the hoofs and heard the clash of arms, the shouting of men, the neighing and moaning of the horses.

‘Ladies from Hell’

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

Britain recruited its first exotic warriors from its northern frontier. Scotland had long been a source of fighting men for the continent, both before and after union with the English Crown. Scottish archers first served as bodyguards to the French monarch in 1440. In the Thirty Years War, Swedish King Gustavus Adolphus employed some 20,000 Scots, while opposed to Gustavus Adolphus were some 10,000 Scots serving in the army of France (Wood 1987: 13). The oldest infantry regiment in the British Ar

North African Mameluks and Zouaves

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

The zouaves . . . have certainly proved that they are what their appearance would indicate, – the most reckless, self-reliant, and complete infantry that Europe can produce. With his graceful dress, soldierly bearing, and vigilant attitude, the zouave at an outpost is the beau-ideal of a soldier.

Khaki – ‘Not a Bad Colour for Work’

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

Conflict on the frontiers of India led to an innovation in military dress that was to have an impact upon all armies of the world: the invention of the khaki uniform.

North America: Feathers and Leather

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

For five centuries the military of expanding Euro-American states have been in contact with native warriors in North America. This contact involved fighting between the two but also included the employment of North Americans as allies and auxiliaries against other native populations and in wars against other imperial powers. As will be seen, there was considerable use of the dress of the Indians by the military, and considerable use of military symbols by the Indians in their own dress.

The Frontier Experience and the Military Uniform

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

The camp was now a very lively scene, and contained a strange mixture of uniforms and faces, which showed the motley nature of the force which had been scraped together in this desperate crisis of the Empire.

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