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Alberta Ferretti

Giulia Bussinello

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Designer Biography

Copperwheat Blundell

Michelle Labrague

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Designer Biography

Swimwear on the Catwalk, 1980–2000

Ciara Phipps

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Article

This article will discuss the key styles, trends, and designers of women’s swimwear on the catwalk through the 1980s, 1990s, and early 2000s. It will discuss the impact of body image and the associated attitudes toward the body on the development and design of swimwear. The influence of Brazilian swimwear infiltrated Europe and America in the 1970s. The appearance of the tanga on the beaches of Rio de Janeiro, alongside the design of the thong by Gernreich in 1974, set in motion the body-baring s

Burqinis, Bikinis and Bodies: Encounters in Public Pools in Italy and Sweden

Pia Karlsson Minganti

Source: Islamic Fashion and Anti-Fashion. New Perspectives from Europe and North America 2013

Book chapter

The burqini is often met with resistance. Muslim women are considered to cover themselves too much. Their habits differ from ours, whether in Sweden and Italy or elsewhere in Europe. One day I experienced how this taken-for-granted assumption on European homogeneity is challenged. During a stay in Italy, I had decided to go swimming at a public swimming bath. While in the shower, washing myself before going into the pool, I noticed an information panel on the wall. It stated the regulations, incl

Burqini

Heather Marie Akou

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The burqini is a full-body swimsuit that combines the terms burqa and bikini. Aheda Zanetti, an Australian designer of Lebanese descent, created the burqini in 2006 as an alternative form of dress for Muslim women serving as lifeguards in Australia. Within months it became available to the general public worldwide. Buyers have included both Muslims and non-Muslims, who wear it for reasons ranging from modesty, to protection from UV light, to enhanced athletic performance. Similar full-body swimsu

Swimwear, Surfwear, and the Bronzed Body in Australia

Jennifer Craik

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands 2010

Encyclopedia entry

For many people, Australia is synonymous with the dream of sun, surf, and sand. Australia is perceived as a land of leisure and lounging around—preferably by the water. In order to do this, Australians dress in a casual way in swimsuits, surfwear, or leisure wear such as tank tops (sleeveless, low-necked tops) or T-shirts, shorts, and thongs (rubber sandals). Sunhats are, of course, obligatory in the Australian climate if skin cancer is to be avoided. Accordingly, popular representations of this

Sports and Dress

Ingun Grimstad Klepp

Translated by Stig Erik Sørheim

Kjetil Enstad

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

In Europe, interest in sports and outdoor life emerged in the nineteenth century. The bourgeoisie went to the countryside to experience nature. Time spent in contact with nature was viewed as a source of inner peace and spiritual development, while awareness of the importance of physical activity for beauty and health grew. With the introduction of regulated working hours and official holidays at the beginning of the twentieth century, the working classes began to have vacation and spare time, to

Dress for Recreational Sports and Professional Sports

Susan L. Sokolowski

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Sport is any athletic activity that requires physical skill, rules, or customs and specific dress and environment in order to participate. Recreational sport is any athletic activity that a person may participate in to occupy one’s spare time enjoyably, as a diversion from work or school. Some people participate in recreational sports to help manage a healthy lifestyle and improve their physique. There are a multitude of sports in which North Americans participate. Special types of dress that fac

Swimwear

Susan Ward

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Swimming and bathing were common activities in the ancient world, and the Romans built public baths in even the most remote parts of their empire. After declining during the Middle Ages, bathing was revived in the seventeenth century, when it became popular as a medicinal treatment. At spas such as Bath and Baden, where bathers sought out the warm mineral waters for their therapeutic effects, linen bathing garments—knee-length drawers and waistcoats for men, and long-sleeved linen smocks or chemi

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Bikini

Tiffany Webber-Hanchett

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Bathing

Nigel Yates

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Sea bathing became popular, largely for medical reasons, from the mid-eighteenth century onwards. Initially men bathed naked and women bathers generally wore shifts. Men and women bathed separately, from bathing machines, enclosures that were drawn out into the water. By the late nineteenth century sea bathing had become a social practice; men and women bathed together, requiring the development of bathing dress for both. Men’s swimwear changed little until the 1930s, a two-part outfit comprising

McCardell, Claire

Kohle Yohannan

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010

Encyclopedia entry

While most of McCardell’s contemporaries followed the long-standing tradition of copying Paris fashion, McCardell looked instead to the lives of American women for her inspiration. Insisting that “clothes should be useful,” McCardell became one of the first designers to successfully translate high-styled, reasonably priced, impeccably cut clothing into the mass-production arena. Proudly American and rebelliously innovative, McCardell (who, as a student in Paris, had admired the work of Vionnet, C

As She Walks to the Sea: A Semiology of Rio de Janeiro

Nizia Villaça

Source: The Latin American Fashion Reader 2005

Book chapter

The sandy expanse of Copacabana, known as Sacopenapã to the indigenous population and noted for its cashew, pitanga and iamb trees, was discovered around 1886. By the 1950s, one of its neighborhoods exhibited a particular Carioca style, made immortal by the musical composition The Little Sea Princess. This score drastically altered the reputation of Copacabana as a resort for the sick, creating an image of glamor and consumption-oriented cosmopolitism. The neighborhood would become a glowing exam

Down to Basics: Swimwear und Underwear

Shaun Cole

Source: ‘Don We Now Our Gay Apparel’. Gay Men’s Dress in the Twentieth Century 2000

Book chapter

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