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Markus Lupfer

Paula Alaszkiewicz

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Designer Biography

Alberta Ferretti

Giulia Bussinello

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Designer Biography

Rei Kawakubo and Comme des Garçons

Bonnie English

Source: Japanese Fashion Designers. The Work and Influence of Issey Miyake, Yohji Yamamoto and Rei Kawakubo 2011

Book chapter

Vera Mackie (2003: 144)… women [in Japan] were condemned to be ‘mothers’ or ‘whores’.

Fashion Designers, Seamstresses, and Tailors

Cynthia Amnéus

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Throughout the nineteenth century, North American fashion followed the dictates of French design. American dressmakers and tailors looked to Paris for the newest silhouettes and adapted them to the American lifestyle. It was not until the 1930s that independent fashion designers emerged and rejected the idea that all fashion must be inspired by Paris. These early designers created a unique “American look” that was predicated on comfort. This design tended to be more casual, with an air of sophist

Children’s Wear in Australia

Michelle Bakar and Vicki Karaminas

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Sydney department store mail order catalogs and clothing advertisements from the late nineteenth to the twenty-first centuries provide information regarding clothing available for Australian children. However, they refer mainly to the relatively affluent middle class. Australian life was often more informal than North American or British life; the climate necessitated practical styles. Turn-of-the-century catalogs assumed that English tastes would appeal to Australians and that mothers primarily

Fashion and the Garment Industry in South Asia

Vandana Bhandari

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. South Asia and Southeast Asia 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Fashion in South Asia is shaped by varying influences; defining this phenomenon in such a diverse region is challenging. In India, particularly, people coexist at opposite ends of the economic spectrum. While economic reform and social changes have affected the upper and middle classes, the rural people and migrant poor appear almost completely left behind. Fashion, accommodating this diversity, exhibits hugely varied styles. Throughout history, traders, travelers, migrants, and invaders have con

Fake Branded Clothing in Post-Socialist Romania

Magdalena Craciun

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Fake branded clothes, mostly of foreign origin, ranging from cheap versions to high-quality copies and seconds of originals with imperceptible defects, can easily be found in Romania in open-air markets or well-established shops, in shop windows or “under the counter,” and in many people’s wardrobes. Behind such goods, there are various interconnected phenomena—for example, an informal economy, opportunities, compromises, and constraints in post-Socialist consumption, as well as the increasing so

Display Mannequins

Leopoldina Fortunati

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Although the dress mannequin is usually considered marginal within the marketing and displaying of fashionable clothing, it can be analyzed as a key cultural artifact in the fashion system. The display mannequin is part of an archaic imagery of humankind, similar to automatons, robots, and dolls. At a metaphoric level, it has an importance in Western culture, because on a symbolic plane the mannequin replaces the human being. In fashion, the mannequin engages in the dialogue between the container

Pants, Trousers

Joseph H. Hancock and Edward Augustyn

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Pants, sometimes referred to as trousers, knickers, khakis, slacks, and various other names, have been worn by many and have influenced almost everyone’s lives. Few studies actually recognize both the historical and cultural significance of pants. Some of the most recent works include such books as Richard Martin’s (1999) photographic essay Khaki, Cut from the Original Cloth and Laurence Benaïm’s Pants: A History Afoot, which traces the history of pants from 550 b.c.e. to the early twenty-first c

Moroccan Fashion Designers

Elizabeth Kutesko

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Since the last decade of the twentieth century and with the turn of the twenty-first, a new generation of Moroccan fashion designers and photographers has played a part on the international fashion stage, combining Western-style fashions with elements of traditional Arab and Berber dress to subvert both European and Moroccan sartorial conventions. While notable names such as Amine Bendriouch, Alber Elbaz, Jean-Charles de Caselbajac, Hisham Oumlil, Aziz Bekkaoui, Samira Haddouchi, and Hassan Hajja

A Māori Fashion Designer

Bronwyn Labrum

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands 2010

Encyclopedia entry

In the twenty-first century Māori fashion labels such as Kia Kaha have taken Māori fashion onto the streets and catwalks of New Zealand and around the world. But one of the pioneers of Māori fashion blazed a pathway decades before, not on the catwalk, but in the halls of Parliament. Followers of indigenous fashion owe a huge debt to Whetu Tirikātene-Sullivan, who supported the development of modern Māori fashion through the patronage of artists and designers, and who was its best advertisement.

Indonesian Indie (DIY) Fashion

Brent Luvaas

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. South Asia and Southeast Asia 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Derived from independent, the term indie refers to music, film, fashion, or any other creative medium produced and distributed on a small scale, often by the artists themselves, outside of established commercial channels. In Indonesia, the world’s fourth most populous nation, spread out over some seventeen thousand islands in Southeast Asia and Oceania, the moniker has recently been taken on by hundreds of young fashion designers. These designers are turning away from both international couture a

Denmark

Marie Riegels Melchior

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

In terms of dress and fashion, Denmark is an example of a peripheral West European country within the international fashion system. Since the Middle Ages, new fashions have found their way to Denmark through the internationally oriented royal family, the purchases of well-traveled citizens, various international and national fashion reports, and international purchases by local retailers. With varying speed, new cuts, colors, and styles have impressed themselves upon both the everyday and festive

Brands and Labels

Jane M. Pavitt

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The Peruvian Connection: A Retail Company

Victoria Z. Rivers

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Latin America and the Caribbean 2005

Encyclopedia entry

The Peruvian Connection is a global business with a humble beginning. Although the brand began with sweaters made from high-quality natural fibers, the Peruvian Connection currently designs, manufactures, and markets seasonal lines of women’s and men’s clothing, fashion accessories, and products for the home. The Peruvian Connection has an interesting story, for the company successfully maintains an artisan-made brand image based on Andean and international traditional textile techniques, materia

Dolce & Gabbana: Deep South

Barbara Vinken

Translated by Mark Hewson

Source: Fashion Zeitgeist. Trends and Cycles in the Fashion System 2005

Book chapter

Eight Types of Postfashion

Barbara Vinken

Translated by Mark Hewson

Source: Fashion Zeitgeist. Trends and Cycles in the Fashion System 2005

Book part

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