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Consumer safety and product labeling guidance

Deanna Clark-Esposito

Source: A Practical Guide to Fashion Law and Compliance, 2018, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

The laws governing mandatory label disclosures have three broad and collective labellinggoalsgoals:

Marketing compliance for the fashion industry

Deanna Clark-Esposito

Source: A Practical Guide to Fashion Law and Compliance, 2018, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

The US Federal Trade CommissionFederal Trade Commission (FTC) governs the prevention of unfair or deceptive acts or practices, which includes print and online advertising, marketing, and sales messaging. Setting both the guidelines and parameters for determining when a marketing claim would be considered deceptive, the FTC also has enforcement powers to penalize those marketers and advertisers whose content it concludes is deceptive to the average consumer.

The Fashion Footwear Consumer

Fiona Armstrong-Gibbs and Tamsin McLaren

Source: Marketing Fashion Footwear. The Business of Shoes, 2017, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

Consumer behavior is the study of how individuals make decisions about how to spend their available resources, time, money, and effort when purchasing products. This chapter will cover the key concepts underpinning the behavior consumers display when searching for, purchasing, wearing, evaluating, and disposing of footwear. It is important to make the distinction between the customer who is the purchaser of shoes—either an individual or a retailer buyer—and the consumer who is the end user or wea

Step 5: Preproduction, Production, and Quality Assurance

Jung E. Ha-Brookshire

Source: Global Sourcing in the Textile and Apparel Industry, 2nd Edition, 2017, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

Upon completion of the purchase order, the supplier starts preparing raw materials and production techniques for main production. If the letter of credit is an agreed-on method of payment, the sourcer opens a letter of credit to the supplier through the bank. The supplier then can use that guarantee of payment by the issuing bank to finance raw material purchases or production, labor costs, and other expenses. Most sourcers in today’s marketplace are heavily involved in preproduction stages with

Fabrication

Sandra Keiser, Deborah Vandermar and Myrna B. Garner

Source: Beyond Design. The Synergy of Apparel Product Development, 4th Edition, 2017, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

“Every time that I wanted to give up, if I saw an interesting textile, print, whatever, suddenly I would see a collection.”

A Product Development Perspective On Quality

Sandra Keiser, Deborah Vandermar and Myrna B. Garner

Source: Beyond Design. The Synergy of Apparel Product Development, 4th Edition, 2017, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

“Employees . . . who work in quality . . . must be the voice of the consumer. They need to know and use information from all facets of the industry because developing a quality product through design, production, and delivery is both a science and an art.”

Getting to Know Knits and Stretch Fabrics

Sharon Czachor

Source: Sewing with Knits and Stretch Fabrics, 2016, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Garments constructed from knitted fabric conform more easily to the shape of the body, reducing the fitting and construction details while retaining the shape. This allows the stretch of the fabric to replace the ease that is needed in designing woven fabric garments. The fitting for garments in stretch fabric is very different from woven fabrics and is addressed at the patternmaking stage. For further information, refer to Patternmaking with Stretch Knit Fabrics by Julie Cole (Fairchild Books, 2

Special Fabrics (Swatches 99–114)

Ingrid Johnson, Ajoy K. Sarkar and Allen C. Cohen

Source: J. J.Pizzuto’s Fabric Science. Swatch Kit, 11th Edition, 2016, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Uses of Tools and Supplies

Zoya Nudelman

Source: The Art of Couture Sewing, 2nd Edition, 2016, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

There are many different kinds of needles made for all kinds of sewing purposes. Needles vary in size, shape, and eye. The best choice for a specific job is a needle that is fine enough to slip easily through the fabric and strong enough not to break or bend. Needles will help you succeed in your sewing. Remember to change needles regularly. It is suggested that every new garment should have a needle change, especially silk garments. Needle sizes in the United States are numbered from 8 to 19. Th

Fibers: Exploring Healthy and Clean Fiber

Gail Baugh

Source: Sustainable Fashion What’s Next?. A Conversation about Issues, Practices and Possibilities, 2nd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

GAIL BAUGH has extensive senior management experience in the apparel and textile industries, particularly in global product sourcing for large retail chain stores and for Teijin Frontier (USA). Experienced in retail buying, production management, and textile development, Gail has a Chemistry of Textiles undergraduate degree and a Master’s degree studying consumers’ attitudes toward discarded apparel. “It is my mission,” she says, “to focus the apparel industry on fiber innovations to address the

The Direction Of Fashion Change

Evelyn L. Brannon and Lorynn Divita

Source: Fashion Forecasting, 4th Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

I try to translate what I sense from the street.

The Jacket

Roberto Cabrera and Denis Antoine

Source: Classic Tailoring Techniques for Menswear. A Construction Guide, 2nd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

If there is a dart on the jacket, at this point in your tailoring procedure it is indicated by four tailor tacks.

The Pants

Roberto Cabrera and Denis Antoine

Source: Classic Tailoring Techniques for Menswear. A Construction Guide, 2nd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

The pants can often be held in lower esteem in a suit when compared to the jacket. This may be due to the extensive amount of detail and attention placed in the jacket; however, a great suit cannot exist without pants that have been carefully constructed and shaped to fit the client.

Challenges and Propositions: Alternative Approaches to Design and Engagement

Hélène Day Fraser

Source: Sustainable Fashion What’s Next?. A Conversation about Issues, Practices and Possibilities, 2nd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

HÉLÈNE DAY FRASER is an Associate Professor at Emily Carr University of Art and Design, Canada. She isa founding member of theECUMaterial Matters research cluster, a member of the Emily Carr DESIS Lab, the International Local Wisdom research network, and Creatives with Intent (an Emily Carr based sustainability initiative).She is the Lead Investigator on the cloTHING(s) as conversation research project and co-investigator and a Research Fellow with the Brooklyn Fashion and Design Accelerator. Hél

Economic Impact of Textile and Clothing Recycling

Jana Hawley

Source: Sustainable Fashion What’s Next?. A Conversation about Issues, Practices and Possibilities, 2nd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

JANA HAWLEY, PHD, is professor and director of the Norton School of Family and Consumer Sciences at the University of Arizona. She has conducted research for more than fifteen years on recycled clothing from a systems perspective that ranges from consumers’ discard habits, to policy makers and international trade law, to charitable organizations, and finally to for-profit organizations that search for value-added opportunities for recycled clothing. Hawley believes that recycling clothing is just

Best Practices: Peg and Awl: To Make Things out of Other Things: Interview by Janet Hethorn, September 30, 2014

Janet Hethorn and Connie Ulasewicz (eds)

Source: Sustainable Fashion What’s Next?. A Conversation about Issues, Practices and Possibilities, 2nd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

“Peg and Awl” is the title of a song by the Carolina Tar Heels. Margaux reflects, “It’s a song that I liked about shoemaking and also takes us back to a time when things were made well.” The Peg and Awl logo contains a Hagal rune symbol, meaning (in part), “what happens after the destruction.” This also symbolizes continuous change and creative building. Both their name and visual messaging, via marketing and social media, reflect their values of quality and renewal. It was clear from the start o

Best Practices The Filippa K Story

Kerli Kant Hvass

Source: Sustainable Fashion What’s Next?. A Conversation about Issues, Practices and Possibilities, 2nd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

According to their sustainability manager, one of the biggest impacts the business has is in the consumer phase, and therefore they are trying to implement practices to help consumers make more conscious choices when it comes to consumption, use, and reuse. In pursuing this, and to encourage a longer life for their products, they opened their first Filippa K Second Hand store in Stockholm in 2008. This was done in collaboration with a local entrepreneur who had successfully run another female con

Textiles and The Environment

Ingrid Johnson, Allen C. Cohen and Ajoy K. Sarkar

Source: J.J. Pizzuto’s Fabric Science, 11th Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

The twentieth century was an awesome period in human history due to the significant amount of technology developed during the time period. Cars, jets, computers, manufactured fibers, the artificial heart, television, and cell phones have benefited mankind. It was the golden age of science and technology.

Care and Renovation of Textiles

Ingrid Johnson, Allen C. Cohen and Ajoy K. Sarkar

Source: J.J. Pizzuto’s Fabric Science, 11th Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Knowledge of cleaning processes and the ways in which they affect textile materials is important to an overall understanding of textiles.

Textile Laws, Regulations, and Trade Agreements

Ingrid Johnson, Allen C. Cohen and Ajoy K. Sarkar

Source: J.J. Pizzuto’s Fabric Science, 11th Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

The production of fiber through the manufacturing of consumer end products in the textile industry is complex, with the content of the material often determining end use. Because of this complexity and the need to provide standardized information to end users, governments have adopted rules and regulations which require manufacturers to provide certain standardized information about their product. This chapter will address the major laws affecting textiles manufactured or sold in the United State

The Buyer’s Role in Product Development

Karen M. Videtic and Cynthia W. Steele

Source: Perry’s Department Store. A Buying Simulation, 4th Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

With the vertical integration and horizontal growth of retailers, globalization, economies of scale in both retailing and apparel manufacturing, and market specialization, the role of the retail buyer has changed dramatically in the last 25 years. These market changes have precipitated major changes in the responsibilities of today’s buyer.

The Fashion of Sustainability

Linda Welters

Source: Sustainable Fashion What’s Next?. A Conversation about Issues, Practices and Possibilities, 2nd Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

LINDA WELTERS, PHD, is professor in the Textiles, Fashion Merchandising, and Design Department at the University of Rhode Island. She has published on European folk dress, archaeological textiles, American quilts, and American fashion. Her most recent publication is The Fashion Reader, 2nd edition (Berg, 2011), which she coedited with Abby Lillethun. With Patricia Cunningham, she coedited Twentieth-Century American Fashion (Berg, 2005).

Labeling Regulations and Guidelines for Manufactured Apparel

Janace E. Bubonia

Source: Apparel Quality. A Guide To Evaluating Sewn Products, 2014, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Garment labeling regulations for the United States, Canada, the European Union, and Japan will be summarized in this chapter. For a comprehensive chart and links to labeling requirements for a variety of other countries, visit the International Trade Associations Office of Textiles and Apparel (OTEXA) website and select labeling requirements (http://otexa.ita.doc.gov/). Mandatory labeling content can vary depending upon the country, but at minimum includes disclosure of fiber content. Content tha

Raw Materials and Sewn Products Testing

Janace E. Bubonia

Source: Apparel Quality. A Guide To Evaluating Sewn Products, 2014, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

When customers purchase apparel products, they expect garments to maintain their shape and appearance during wear and after multiple cleanings. When designers are developing products, they must take into consideration the care methods required for all of the garment materials and components to ensure compatibility when cleaning occurs. Standards for care labeling, such as those created by ISO/GINITEX, ASTM International, and JIS, provide both manufacturers and consumers with consistent care symbo

Garment Construction Details Lab

Janace E. Bubonia

Source: Apparel Quality Lab Manual, 2014, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

In Chapter 4 of Apparel Quality: A Guide to Evaluating Sewn Products, garment construction details and methods for achieving fit of apparel products are discussed. There are many options for shaping garments to contour the body while maintaining the appropriate amount of functional ease and aesthetic appeal. When designers make selection decisions for the style of openings, closures, and hem finishes for productio

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