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Sophia Kokosalaki

Amber Jane Butchart

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Designer Biography

Givenchy Couture, Spring/Summer 1997

Aimee Williams

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Article

Alexander McQueen’s 1997 premiere at Givenchy following John Galliano’s departure resounded notably during the spring/summer couture showings, heralding the “revival of couture.” Showing at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris, the Grecian-inspired collection acknowledged the house’s defining conventions with double-breasted ivory suits and straightened silhouettes that hit above the knee. A generally neutral to white palette of silk, finely woven feathers, and gossamer textures

France

Kimberly Chrisman-Campbell

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The French Revolution abolished the rigid dress etiquette and bureaucracy of the ancien régime fashion industry. Napoleon’s campaigns inspired fashions with soldierly details and created a vogue for exotic accessories. His imperial court ensured the survival of French luxury goods industries, while promoting a more modern silhouette. Napoleon encouraged pre-Revolutionary tastes for classical Greek and Roman styles, to glorify his own reign. The restoration of the Bourbon monarchy and the Romantic

Early History of Dress and Fashion in Italy and the Iberian Peninsula

Carmen Alfaro Giner and Maria Giuseppina Muzzarelli

Translated by Ana Alacovska

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Rock engravings in Valcamonica, Italy, indicate the use of looms and thus weaving in the second millennium b.c.e. Tunics were worn by both men and women during pre-Roman times in the Iberian Peninsula.Italian regions colonized by Greece in the eighth century b.c.e. were influenced by Hellenic fashion. The Roman royal period lasted from 753 to 509 b.c.e., followed by the republic and the empire. Clothing during the first two periods was largely austere, although wealth and refinement characterized

Early History of Dress and Fashion in Continental West Europe

Mechthild Müller

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The discovery of the Iceman “Oetzi,” who lived between 3500 and 3000 b.c.e., provides valuable information on early dress. His many garments included a patchwork-style goat-fur mantle. Much later, Roman dress included tunics and togas for Roman citizens or friendly allied nations. In 816/817 Charlemagne’s son, Louis the Pious, made monks and members of the clergy accept dress codes. Lay men and women were required to dress differently, and women had to cover their heads in public. Fashion during

Classical Greek Dress and Contemporary Fashion

Jennifer Park

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Examples of classical Greek art, such as the Winged Victory of Samothrace, have inspired numerous designers in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, fascinated with the idealized beauty represented in the sophisticated simplicity of Hellenistic dress. Classical dress had no form in itself, being constructed from a single rectangular piece of cloth. As the twentieth century progressed, designers reacting against corsets sought a new vocabulary in unstructured dressing. Couturiers like Paul Poi

Vionnet … Classicism

Rebecca Arnold

Source: Classic and Modern Writings on Fashion 2nd Edition 2009

Book chapter

‘The nude body and draped cloth became essential elements of idealised vision; they came to seem correct for conveying the most valid truths of life, entirely through the persuasive force of their appearance in works of an rather than through the original significance attached to them in real life. The “natural” beauty of cloth and the “natural” beauty of bodies have been taught to the eye by art, and the same has been the case with the natural beauty of clothes.’HollanderA., Seeing through Cloth

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