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Tanzania

Sandra Klopper and Rehema Nchimbi

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Tanzania, situated in East Africa and bordering eight countries, contains more than 120 ethnic groups, and many nationalities have played significant roles in its history. Modern Tanzanian dress and decoration reflect its history as a hub for international trade. Imported cloth from Arab traders was widely worn from the nineteenth century onward. Further influences were nineteenth-century Christian missionaries, who imposed European dress codes, and severe poaching laws introduced by the postcolo

Kenya

Corinne A. Kratz

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Kenya’s archaeological sites offer rich evidence of personal adornment, revealing ancient trade links. Modern Kenya contains over forty African ethnic groups, the result of early migrations involving Cushitic, Nilotic, and Bantu speakers. Ruled successively by the Portuguese and Arabs, Kenya became a British colony in 1920, gaining independence in 1963. This complex history is reflected in Kenyan dress and adornment, which may be associated with linguistic identity, region, religion, or ritual. T

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