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Theoretical Perspective of Global Sourcing

Jung E. Ha-Brookshire

Source: Global Sourcing in the Textile and Apparel Industry, 2nd Edition, 2017, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

The five key theories are discussed to explain international trade: (1) the law of supply and demand in international trade, (2) comparative advantage theory, (3) competitive advantage theory of nations, (4) fragmentation theory, and (5) industry life cycle theory.

The Empress’s Old Clothes: Biographies of African Dress at the Victoria And Albert Museum

Nicola Stylianou

Source: Dress History. New Directions in Theory and Practice, 2015, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

On 20 April 1869 the V&A accessioned a number of objects from Ethiopia including clothes and jewellery that were listed in the museum register as having been given to the museum by the ‘Secretary of State for India’ and ‘belonging formerly to the Queen of Abyssinia’ (V&A 1869). At this time the V&A had not yet been divided into departments with objects being accepted for inclusion in the museum on the grounds of design excellence or as demonstrations of particular techniques. Included in this gif

Somalia

Heather Marie Akou

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Somalia is located in the Horn of Africa. The northern coast is less than one hundred miles from the Arabian Peninsula and shares a great deal of history and dress with that region. In the cities, houses are built with thick walls to keep out the heat; in the deserts, nomadic people live in shelters constructed of branches covered with leather or plastic, and distinct differences in dress exist. Nomadic dress has typically been more practical and flexible, consisting of leather, cotton wrappers,

Sudan

Susan M. Kenyon

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

The Republic of the Sudan is the largest country in Africa, encompassing nearly a million square miles, with great diversity of both environment and population. Its landscapes range from desert in the north to rainforests in the south, and, while rainfall varies, temperatures are uniformly high, a significant factor in considering what people there wear. Sudan’s approximately thirty million people include more than fifty ethnic groups, with differing identities reflected in their appearance. Inva

Ethiopia

Peri M. Klemm

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

The array of dress styles in Ethiopia is vast. Often dress is meaningful on several levels and may indicate age, status, political membership, religious belief, and ethnic affiliation. Each culture within Ethiopia has its own unique style of dress. The abundance of dress styles in Ethiopia is largely due to the diversity of climate, geography, and culture. Ethiopian geography is divided into the highland and lowland regions. The Ethiopian population of seventy-five million is made up of some eigh

Eritrea

Peri M. Klemm

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Nine ethnic groups live in the mountain and lowland regions of Eritrea and identify equally as OrthodoxChristian and Sunni Muslim. Eritrean inhabitants speak both Cushitic and Semitic languages. The Tigrinya and Tigre peoples of the Eritrean highlands make up 80 percent of the population. Women of the highlands traditionally wear the zuria, a long, white, handwoven, undyed cotton dress with long sleeves and thick bands of colorful embroidery at the chest, hem, and sleeves. When the zuria is elabo

Djibouti

Peri M. Klemm

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

The country of Djibouti, formerly French Somaliland and, in 1967, the French Territory of the Afars and Issas, achieved independence in 1977. It has around half a million inhabitants. Djibouti is made up of the Issa, a Somali clan, and the Afar, who also reside in Ethiopia. Both groups are Muslim and speak Cushitic tongues, but they have a history of civil conflict. The Djiboutian landscape of coastal plains and central plateau is mostly desert and very dry. Because this climate makes agricultura

Oromo Dress

Peri M. Klemm

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

This focus on the dress of Oromo women and men from the early 1800s to the early twenty-first century includes changes in clothing from leather to cotton to an array of new textiles and symbols. It also touches on the most common jewelry types, hairstyles, and scarification/tattooing practices among the Arsi, Afran Qallo, Wallo, and Karrayuu Oromo.

Harari Dress

Peri M. Klemm

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

In the early twenty-first century, Muslim Harari women dress in sumptuous embroidered silk dresses and headscarves in purple, pink, and scarlet for special occasions. One particular dress can be worn inside out if in mourning or attending a funeral. Underneath the dresses, women wear ge ganafi, fitted leggings with attractive embroidery at the ankle and coarse fabric at the top. These pants relate to times when foreigners (Egyptians, Cubans, and Italians) invaded the city state of Harar and girls

More than Costume History: Dress in Somali Culture

Heather Marie Akou

Source: Dress Sense. Emotional and Sensory Experiences of the Body and Clothes, 2007, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

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