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Lower Niger Delta Peoples and Diaspora

Martha G. Anderson and E. J. Alagoa

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The inhabitants of the Niger Delta speak dozens of languages and represent nine different language groups. Populations range in size from the Ijo, a diverse group of about two million who live in communities spread throughout the Delta, to the Defaka, who number only about two hundred and occupy a single village. Larger groups include the Urhobo, Isoko, Itsekiri, Ikwerre, Ekpeye, Ogoni, and Obolo (or Andoni). Most Delta groups have maintained their own languages and distinct identities, but they

Kalabari Peoples of Nigeria

Joanne B. Eicher

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The Kalabari Ijo have a long history as traders of cloth and apparel items in the Niger Delta. They traded with the world beyond their immediate boundaries of thirty-two islands found among mangrove swamps of the Niger River tributaries near the Atlantic Ocean. Their trading provided access to imported goods, particularly textiles, which they used and continue to use in creative ways. Rather than just borrow the textiles, they make them identifiable as uniquely Kalabari, a process that has been c

Niger

Kristyne Loughran

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Niger is a vast landlocked West African country named after the river Niger. Ninety-five percent of the population in Niger is Islamic, and the remainder are Christians and animists. Clothing styles worn by men and women in the Republic of Niger are well suited to the country’s geography and climate, and to its religious beliefs. Young Nigerien boys wear shorts and shirts and start wearing trousers when they reach adulthood. Men from all groups dress in long trousers with a large matching shirt,

Archaeological Evidence

Fred T. Smith

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa 2010

Encyclopedia entry

In Africa, the human body has always been a focus for creative expression. Each culture has evolved its own patterns of dress and associated symbolic system, yet cross-cultural influences and change have constantly occurred. A society’s political structure and religious institutions can determine the type of dress used. Societies with a centralized organization often have elaborate, even grandiose programs of visual culture associated with leadership. The ruler or an elite group often reserves th

Indian Madras Plaids as Real India

Sandra Lee Evenson

Source: Dress Sense. Emotional and Sensory Experiences of the Body and Clothes 2007

Book chapter

The history of the Indian textile trade is well documented (Chaudhuri 1978; Irwin 1955, 1956; Irwin & Schwartz 1966). Many secondary sources contain glossaries of textile trade terms, which I used to compile a glossary of synonyms for Real India over time. From this Real India glossary, I identified the following terms that could be traced, one to another, through time, to Real India:

Dress and Ethnic Differentiation in the Niger Delta

Barbara Sumberg

Source: Dress and Ethnicity. Change Across Space and Time 1995

Book chapter

Most of the Niger Delta is located in Rivers State and is inhabited by diverse groups of people. The Ijo ethnic group is spread over the lower reaches of the Niger Delta; the three large divisions of Western, Central, and Eastern Delta Ijo are further split into forty sub-groups or ibe (Alagoa 1966). The ibe are defined by common dialect, belief in a common ancestor, and worship of the same god.Alagoa notes that though these three factors are common, they are not the only possibilities and while

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