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Fashion 1970s–2000s

Colleen Hill

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Article

In London, the Victoria and Albert Museum’s 1971 exhibition “Fashion: An Anthology by Cecil Beaton” attracted more than 90,000 visitors, making it one of the most well attended shows in the museum’s history. While Beaton acquired examples of historical dress from some of Britain’s most fashionable women, he placed particular emphasis on recent fashion—a largely unprecedented idea. Also important was the exhibition’s experimental installation, created in part by professional store window dressers

Wendy Dagworthy

Michelle Labrague

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Designer Biography

Fashion and the Garment Industry in South Asia

Vandana Bhandari

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. South Asia and Southeast Asia 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Fashion in South Asia is shaped by varying influences; defining this phenomenon in such a diverse region is challenging. In India, particularly, people coexist at opposite ends of the economic spectrum. While economic reform and social changes have affected the upper and middle classes, the rural people and migrant poor appear almost completely left behind. Fashion, accommodating this diversity, exhibits hugely varied styles. Throughout history, traders, travelers, migrants, and invaders have con

Dress and Fashion Education: Design and Business

Jane E. Hegland

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Haute couture education can be traced back to Louis XIV’s court, where French fashions were promoted through fashion dolls. Early education was informal, mostly based on apprenticeships. In the nineteenth century, the Chambre Syndicale de la Haute Couture was formed, providing a formalized education for couturiers. By 1927, the Ecole de la Chambre Syndicale de la Couture Parisienne emerged as a universally recognized institution. Since these beginnings, the design and business of fashion has expa

Home Production

Tone Rasch

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Clothes are connected to necessity as well as to luxury. The production of them can be viewed the same way. Many clothes have historically been produced at home but in different contexts. Sewing and needlework have been paid work, hobbies, and a part of domestic work during the last couple of centuries. In the early twentieth century, many (if not most) clothes and garments were made at home. This situation has changed, although textiles and clothing are still important parts of housekeeping in t

School Uniforms and Docile Bodies

Jennifer Craik

Source: Uniforms Exposed. From Conformity to Transgression 2005

Book chapter

This chapter is concerned with the role of school uniforms in shaping the self to create conditions for the habitus of the docile body.Docile here is used in its traditional OED sense: teachable, submissive, tractable and easily managed – not just passive but primed (ready and alert) for instruction. Of course, not all schools or school systems have a school uniform, suggesting that school uniforms are part of a particular pedagogic approach to teaching and learning in certain cultural contexts,

Raíz Diseño—A Nongovernmental Organization

Regina A. Root

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Latin America and the Caribbean 2005

Encyclopedia entry

The nongovernmental organization Raíz Diseño emerged in 2007 from a transnational network of Latin American designers formerly known as Circuito Identidades Latinas. Most designers had been working for a decade within the parameters of the Mercosur trading block to integrate local forms of knowledge and ethical business practices into the design process and, ultimately, the fashion industry. Currently based in Santiago, Chile, the organization began as the brainchild of cofounders Alex Blanch and

Learning to Wear Ideology: School Uniforms

Brian J. McVeigh

Source: Wearing Ideology. State, Schooling and Self-Presentation in Japan 2000

Book chapter

Most nursery schools, kindergartens, elementary, middle and high schools have student uniforms (gakusei fuku) (or at least regulations about attire). Uniforms are intended to provide order, discipline and solidarity within a school. Other examples of material culture that express “school spirit” (kôfû) are school pins (kôshô) and, of course, school uniforms (kôfuku). Likewise, nursery schools, kindergartens and some elementary schools mandate seibô (school cap; literally, “regulation cap”). Some

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