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Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010
The ancient universities were established in Italy and France in the late eleventh and early twelfth centuries, with the University of Oxford following in circa 1115 and Cambridge in circa 1209. It was these two English schools that set the tradition for academic dress by establishing strict decrees for their students and officials; the subsequent influence of the British Empire spread this tradition to many parts of the world.
Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada 2010
Each spring when the First Nations Haida secondary school graduates receive their button blankets, they are part of a centuries-old tradition of learning their identity, and a new tradition that celebrates their academic achievements. Button blankets are a relatively recent art form of the Haida, who live on the forested archipelago of Haida Gwaii off the west coast of British Columbia. When the first European and American traders arrived on the islands in the late 1700s, the Haida readily exchan