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Bibliographic guide

Research in sustainable fashion examines relevant issues from perspectives including theoretical, cultural, social, design-led, industry-based, educational, economic, and psychological. For reasons that might be purely serendipitous, but indicating much underlying research activity, 2008 was a significant year for scholarly publications on sustainable fashion. Comprehensive texts by two UK design-based academics, theorist Kate Fletcher (2008) and practitioner Sandy Black (2008), articulate and ad

Ethical Fashion and Ecofashion

Sandy Black

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Although the fashion industry is fast-moving and often dismissed as frivolous, it represents one of the major global economic players. Fashion is one of the few remaining craft-based industries, relying on skilled manual labour for manufacturing across its wide spectrum of levels, which raises particular issues for production. There is an urgent need to reconcile ethical, environmental, social, and personal agendas through future product development and manufacturing cycles in the fashion industr

Secondhand Clothing

Karen Tranberg Hansen

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Secondhand clothing constitutes a global market of commerce and consumption that has a long but changing history with complex links to garment production, tailoring, and couture. In Europe and North America, secondhand clothing was an important source of clothing well into the nineteenth century, until mass production and growing prosperity enabled more and more people to purchase brand-new rather than previously worn garments. During Europe’s imperial expansion, the trade in secondhand clothing

Ecological Issues in Dress

Jana M. Hawley

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Ecological concerns relating to dress arise at various points in the processes used to manufacture textiles and apparel and also as a result of the use of those products. These concerns are similar in both the United States and Canada, and the solutions to these problems are much the same in both countries.

Secondhand Clothing

Heike Jenss

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The term secondhand clothing connotes garments that enter a second or new circle of use after they have been worn or used by a previous owner. The handing down, sale, and reuse of previously worn garments have been common practices throughout the history of dress. Even into the twentieth century, garments were expensive goods and often a family investment that was passed on to the next generation or traded and exchanged for other goods. With the wider accessibility of fashion and the acceleration

Ethics and Industry

Lise Skov

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The question of ethics is about determining concepts of right and wrong human action. There are a number of ethical controversies in relation to the industries that dress the visible self, especially the clothing, shoes, accessories, and skin-care industries. The five main areas of controversy are, first, representations of idealized gender and body images; second, fakes and counterfeits of branded goods; third, working conditions; fourth, environmental impact and sustainability; and fifth, anima

Legislation in the United States and Canada

Phyllis G. Tortora

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Laws enacted to regulate the use, merchandising, and manufacture of textile products often reflect current technological advances while providing insight into fashionable dress trends. Laws may also reflect changes in economic aspects of the international textile and apparel industries. This article describes legislation in the United States and Canada that applies to textiles, apparel, and other materials used in dress, together with the circumstances that led to the need for the legislation, es

Raíz Diseño—A Nongovernmental Organization

Regina A. Root

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Latin America and the Caribbean 2005

Encyclopedia entry

The nongovernmental organization Raíz Diseño emerged in 2007 from a transnational network of Latin American designers formerly known as Circuito Identidades Latinas. Most designers had been working for a decade within the parameters of the Mercosur trading block to integrate local forms of knowledge and ethical business practices into the design process and, ultimately, the fashion industry. Currently based in Santiago, Chile, the organization began as the brainchild of cofounders Alex Blanch and

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