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Bulgaria: Ethnic Dress

Liz Mellish

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Over many centuries, Bulgaria’s complicated history brought peoples of various ethnicities into the region. In the seventh century c.e., the Bulgars, originally a Turkic-Tartar tribe, united with the Slavonic tribes who had settled in the region two centuries before in order to resist the Byzantines. The first Bulgarian state was founded and, while the new nationality took the name of the Bulgars, it was culturally strongly influenced by Slavonic civilization, including in terms of dress.

Geography and Climate: Southeast Europe

Liz Mellish

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Southeast Europe is predominantly mountainous, with steep valleys and flat plains; in the early twenty-first century it is occupied by Greece, Albania, Macedonia, Kosovo, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia, Romania, Moldova, and Bulgaria. The geography here has always strongly influenced dress. Areas near trade routes had greater access to raw materials. The climate varies from continental in the inland and more northern areas to Mediterranean in coastal areas and south

The Bulgarian Rose Oil Industry

Brian Moeran

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The Bulgarian rose refers primarily to the damask rose (Rosa damascena), grown along the upper, south-facing valleys between Karlovo and Kazanlak in central Bulgaria. The oil that it produces is known as “liquid gold,” since it costs more than three times its equivalent weight in gold. Rose oil is a main ingredient in three-quarters of all modern prestige perfumes. Turkey was the leader in rose culture beginning in at least the first century c.e., and the spread of the Ottoman Empire into East Eu

Bulgaria: Urban Dress

Mary Neuburger

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The story of Bulgarian urban dress begins with the slow but steady process of Bulgarian urbanization in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Bulgaria had been under Ottoman rule since the fourteenth century, a period during which urban centers in the regions that make up Bulgaria in the twenty-first century had a profoundly mixed population—primarily Turkish-speaking Muslims; Greek, Vlach (Romanian), and Armenian-speaking Christians; Roma and Sephardic- (Judeo-Spanish) speaking Jews. Sla

The Curious Tale of the Ultra-long Sleeve (A Eurasian Epic)

E. J. W. Barber

Source: Folk Dress in Europe and Anatolia. Beliefs about Protection and Fertility 1999

Book chapter

Distributional evidence (see map, Figure 7.2) from recent Slavic traditional (as opposed to factory-produced) dress is not so clear as I would like because of the paucity of village-to-village information (Soviet policies wiped out regional dress a long time ago) and because of the difficulties of obtaining East European publications. The best single costume book for Russia that I have located is Sosnina (1984). The Russians also published a postcard collection of drawings by Vinogradova (1969) t

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