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Czech Urban Dress, 1948 to Twenty-First Century

Konstantina Hlaváková

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

After the Communists seized power in Czechoslovakia in 1948, political change affected all areas of social life. The Communist regime considered fashion and styles of dress as effective ideological instruments through which it could exercise its control of society. The nationalization and liquidation of prospering small firms and the destruction of a network of services that had grown up over decades on the basis of natural need caused immediate economic problems. The new production structure and

Czech Urban Dress, Nineteenth Century to 1948

Eva Uchalová

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Czech fashion refers to fashionable clothes created in the Czech lands, that is, Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia, that were designed, made, and used by all nations that lived in these territories, the largest of which were the Czechs, Germans, and Jews. In general, Czech fashion was based on the international Western style created in Paris, London, and Vienna, and to a lesser extent in Berlin; the local fashion centers were Prague and, in Moravia, Brno and Olomouc. In the nineteenth century, the cl

Dress in Czech Film of the 1920s and 1930s

Marketa Uhlirová

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

As in other major film centers in Europe and North America, the Czech fashion and film industries developed close ties during the interwar period. The fashion and cosmetics industries recognized film as an ideal form of promotion, one that is far-reaching, popular, and seductive. In turn, the film industry after World War I actively embraced fashion as a necessary appendage to the star system and an ideal vehicle to attract and sustain female audiences through the display of the latest novelties

Czech Ethnic Dress

Patricia Williams

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The Czech Republic is a landlocked country in central Europe, which, in the twenty-first century, comprises the three historic provinces of Bohemia, Moravia, and Upper Silesia. The country is composed primarily of West Slavic people, but political and ethnographic borders have changed through centuries of prolonged conflict and domination by the German states and Austria. Social differentiation through clothing developed in Bohemia around the fourteenth century, and by the fifteenth century dress

Introduction: Folk Dress, bath-house (pirts) supernatural Supernatural Beliefs, and the Body

Linda Welters

Source: Folk Dress in Europe and Anatolia. Beliefs about Protection and Fertility 1999

Book chapter

Before discussing the theoretical underpinnings of beliefs about protection and fertility, it is necessary to define some of the terms used by the contributors to this book. Of prime importance is the meaning of folk and folklore, because it affects our understanding of folk dress.

Protection From Harm: The Shawl and Cap in Czech and Slovak Wedding, Birthing and Funerary Rites

Patricia Williams

Source: Folk Dress in Europe and Anatolia. Beliefs about Protection and Fertility 1999

Book chapter

Archaeological finds suggest that ritual acts accompanied burial since early times. The presence of ritual attracted the attention of scholars, and in 1908 Arnold van Gennep presented the first substantial interpretation of such acts. Van Gennep (1960 [1908]: 10) called these ceremonies rites of passage, and described them as the “magico-religious” aspects of crossing frontiers associated with life changes. According to van Gennep, the more technically simple the society, the more often the holy

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