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Hungary: Ethnic Dress

Ágnes Fülemile

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Throughout most of its history Hungary had a predominantly agrarian economy. The institutions of the feudal system had been only gradually eliminated during the nineteenth century. The dress of common people was strongly independent of general fashion influences. In Hungary there was a deep social gap between classes, and the dress of the agrarian population became modernized later than that of city dwellers. The most flourishing period of regional peasant dress was the nineteenth and early twent

Hungarian Subcultures during Socialism

Sándor Horváth

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The first phase of moral panic about hooliganism can be explored through visual depictions of jampecs (or spivs) in Hungary in the early 1950s. Jampecs were presented as setting a bad example to their peers by following capitalist values, expressed through dress obtained on the black market. Before World War II, the term jampec mainly referred to dandies from richer families. Hungarian officials and journalists used the example of jampecs to explain the dangers of Western popular culture. A new t

Hungary: Urban Dress up to 1948

Katalin Medvedev

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Hungary remained feudalist until the second half of the nineteenth century, delaying the growth of Hungarian urban fashion. Hungary is perhaps best known for colorful ethnic styles, the most renowned being male gala dress (díszmagyar). However, the elite kept abreast of European trends. In the first half of the nineteenth century, Hungary, within the Hapsburg Empire, was predominantly agricultural; fashionable town dress was mostly German-inspired. Pest and Buda—separate cities until 1873—had dis

Changes in Gender in Socialism

Katalin Medvedev

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

All ideologies strive to project a visual representation, and Socialism was no exception. Socialist subjects were expected to transform the world, and their ideological makeover included their appearance. Socialism sought to transcend class as well as gender differences and was geared toward suppressing individuality and propagating collectivism. The dress of a Socialist subject was intended to make a clear political statement and express loyalty to the Socialist regime. The regime focused on the

Hungarian Fashion after 1989

Ildikó Simonovics

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The change of the political regime in 1989 deeply altered the field of Hungarian fashion production established over the previous forty years of Socialist rule. The institutions that dealt with fashion had disappeared, and the contemporary Hungarian fashion scene is determined by this lack of supporting industry and economy.Before and after this collapse, the real centers of the Hungarian fashion world were the boutiques. Appearing at the end of the 1970s, these private undertakings offered cloth

Geography and Climate: East Central Europe, the Baltic Countries, Russia, and the Caucasus

Pamela Smith

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Central and East Europe extend from northern Germany to Russia’s Pacific coast. The expanse occupied today by Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia is punctuated only by the Ural Mountains. A wooded upland landscape covers the Czech Republic, rising eastward into the Carpathian Mountains. Much further east lie the Caucasus Mountains. For centuries the great plains offered easy access; evidence of Scythian dress has been found in southern Siberia, including shirts of Sib

Hungary: Urban Dress, 1948 to 2000

Tibor Valuch

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Europe, Russia, and the Caucasus 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Dress customs in Hungary changed markedly at the turn of the 1950s. The Hungarian Fashion Designers’ Union stated that a modern designer’s task was not to dream up dress fantasy for a few stylish ladies, but to design attractive, practical clothes for millions of working women. Magazines for woman offered practical advice on altering outdated bourgeois clothes and suggested that the dress of today’s woman was practical, healthy, and pretty, and that the big stores served the interests of working

Dress, Hungarian Socialism, and Resistance

Katalin Medvedev

Source: Dress Sense. Emotional and Sensory Experiences of the Body and Clothes 2007

Book chapter

My father passed away at the age of seventy-five but in my mind’s eye he will always be younger, good-looking, and well-dressed, a distortion of my subjective memory. My dreams of him are all in color, another distortion of my memory. After all, we lived in socialist Hungary where colors in the 1950s and 1960s were bleak, dull, or faded. Gray was the dominating shade both of houses and people’s dress and there were no color photographs until well into the 1970s. In my dreams my father wears crisp

Hussars: Horsemen of the Eastern Frontier

Thomas S. Abler

Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms 1999

Book chapter

Un hussard qui n’est pas mort à trente ans n’est qu’en Jean Foutre(A hussar who isn’t dead at thirty is a blackguard)

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