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Lebanese Women’s Dress

Nour Majdalany Hakim

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Central and Southwest Asia 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Lebanon is a small country situated on the eastern shores of the Mediterranean. Prior to 1920 Lebanon had been under Ottoman rule and influence for four hundred years, under which cloth weaving and embroidery flourished. Following World War I it became part of the French Mandate, until its independence in 1943. At the turn of the twentieth century, Europe’s Industrial Revolution was gaining momentum, and the Ottoman Empire was weakening. With the introduction of European imports, local craftsmans

Druze Dress

Heike Weber and Gillian Vogelsang-Eastwood

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Central and Southwest Asia 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The Druze are officially classed as a Muslim group and are believed to have been an off-shoot of the Ismaili sect of Islam. The belief system includes Gnostic and other philosophical concepts. There are believed to be about one million Druze worldwide in the early twenty-first century, the majority living in Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and Jordan. The Druze community is split into two groups. The largely secular majority are the al-Juhhal, “the ignorant,” which includes about 80 percent of the Druze

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