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The Jewelry Industry

Carol Anne Dickson

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada 2010

Encyclopedia entry

From early times, men and women have sought to adorn themselves. The desire to adorn the body answered several needs: communication of identity, including status and kinship, as well as symbols of protection and spiritual beliefs. The desire to express beliefs, status, and affiliations grew as the number of family members grew and the number of families who formed groups expanded. It is certain that jewelry antedates clothing. Whether it was worn for artistic display or utility, we do not know fo

Jewelry

Gabriele Mentges

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Jewelry, an anglicized version of the old French word jouel, means, in its broadest sense, body adornment. This definition is also valid for clothing, and both make the human body culturally visible. Like dress, jewelry belongs to particular cultural bodily techniques whose interpretation depends on culture, time, and space. However, clothing and jewelry differ profoundly in regard to their practices and meaning. The differences in regard to dress and jewelry concern, first, material and shape; s

Costume Jewelry

Jody Shields

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Paua Shell Costume Jewelry in New Zealand

Petronella J.M. van de Wijdeven

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands 2010

Encyclopedia entry

New Zealand’s best-known costume jewelry is made from the iridescent shell of the paua (the Māori name for Haliotis iris), a species of abalone only found in the sea around New Zealand. Paua shell was a material used by Māori to highlight the eyes of figures in their carving. Alfred Atkinson in Wellington first introduced the use of paua shell to New Zealand jewelry in the early years of the twentieth century. He produced individually crafted pieces of shell jewelry, which sold through a fine art

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