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Yi National Minority

Stevan Harrell and Bamo Qubumo

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Asia 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Numbering nearly eight million, the Yi national minority is the seventh largest minority in China. Also known as the Nuosu, they live mainly in the hillside and basin areas of Yunnan province, with significant populations in Sichuan and Guizhou provinces, and the Guangxi Autonomous Region. Among the Nuosu Yi people of the Liangshan region, in the mountains of southwestern Sichuan, clothing and decoration reflect social organization and cultural concepts, expressing aesthetic ideals of womanly bea

The Figures on the Tombs: Dress in Brass Rubbings

Moira F. Harris

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Knight and lady, merchant and priest, scholar and nun—their images once populated the walls and floors of European churches, beginning in the twelfth century. Incised slabs were used first; there remain many of them on the continent of Europe, especially in Germany, Belgium, and Poland. Brasses are more common in the United Kingdom, although many stone slabs bear shadowy cavities where brass figures once glistened. Sepulchral images that still exist, in reality or in copies, offer insights not on


Walter Karcheski

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Humans’ earliest supplemental protection was probably skins and hides. However, the earliest purpose-built defense, found in Europe and western Asia, was a type of belly plate made originally of organic material and later in bronze or metal-reinforced fabric. The Sumerians employed metal helmets and a metal-reinforced cloak. In about 2000 B.C.E. textile coverings appeared with applied, overlapping metal scales, which continued in occasional use until the eighteenth century.

Weapons and Accessories

Willem Vogelsang

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Central and Southwest Asia 2010

Encyclopedia entry

In Southwest and Central Asia, weapons constituted an essential part of men’s dress, especially for those of some rank and standing in society. Men did not use these weapons only for offensive and defensive purposes; a weapon was an extension of the wearer’s manhood. A beautiful sword, a handsome dagger, or a pair of costly pistols contributed to showing the world that the wearer was a man to be reckoned with. In public, the wearer would very proudly show his costly clothing and weaponry; his bea

Body Armor

Susan Watkins

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives 2010

Encyclopedia entry

Although the term body armor has traditionally described apparel providing physical protection for combatants, the term might apply equally well to protective garments for any situation in which humans face danger from impact. Sports equipment, construction hard hats, and medical splints have often been inspired by military armor. There are a number of forms of armor: flexible fabric garments; scalar armor; plate armor; mail; lamellar armor, and combination armor incorporating both rigid and flex

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