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Fiber Classification: Manufactured Fibers

Deborah E. Young

Source: Swatch Reference Guide for Fashion Fabrics, 4th Edition, 2018, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Manufactured cellulose fibers are made from plant material that is processed with chemicals. This processing causes a permanent change in the structure of the fiber. For this reason, although the fibers are made from natural ingredients, they are classified as manufactured fibers. For a list of properties appropriate to all manufactured cellulose fibers, see Table 2.2, Properties Common to All Cellulose Fibers (page 16), and Table 3.1, Properties of Individual Manufactured Fibers (pages 24–25).

Antonio Berardi

Shonagh Marshall

Source: Fashion Photography Archive, 2015, Fashion Photography Archive

Designer Biography

Beads and Beadwork

Sandra Klopper

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Although today most African communities purchase locally manufactured and imported glass beads for daily and ritual use, indigenous communities originally relied on locally available materials such as seeds and ostrich eggshells or marine shells to adorn themselves and their leather garments. Recent discoveries in Morocco indicate that deliberately perforated Nassarius marine shells, some still smeared with red ochre, were manufactured eighty-two thousand years ago. Because some of these marine s

Beads: Prehistory to Early Twenty-First Century

Robert K. Liu

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Bead types are varied, and their quantities exist in the billions, especially with regard to glass seed beads; because of this, they have often been treated as the small change of history. Rarely intrinsically valuable, but often previously considered luxuries, and difficult to study due to their diminutive sizes, beads do not yield information unless the researcher has a good understanding of archaeological, anthropological, ethnographic, or other scientific issues. Almost every substance has be

Intelligent Textiles: The Future of Fashion

Bradley Quinn

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Global Perspectives, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Fashion’s engagement with disciplines such as technology, architecture, industrial design, and biochemistry is creating rapid advancements that radically reinvent its relationship to the body and the built environment. As sustainability becomes increasingly important, new materials and production methods are redefining its relationship to the environment. The first “wearable computer” prototypes of the early 1990s were body-mounted devices such as microphones attached to jackets, waistcoats, and

Shared and Unique Traditions and Practices

Joyce M. Szabo

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Whether for everyday wear or special occasions, clothing throughout native North America reflects many important aspects of the lives of the people who made and wore these garments and body adornments in the past. Contemporary clothing incorporates the same styles found throughout North America and the Westernized world in general, but ceremonial attire still differs markedly. Clothing sends clear messages about those people who wear it; contemporary clothing styles attest to the survival of nati

Out of Women’s Hands: Notes on Venetian Glass Beads, Female Labour and International Trades

Francesca Trivellato

Source: Beads and Bead Makers. Gender, Material Culture and Meaning, 1998, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

One of the thousands of women employed in stringing glass beads in bunches of threads or making floral decorations tiptoes into a novel set in Venice during the early 1880s.

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