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Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Africa, 2010, Berg Fashion Library
Algeria, situated at the crossroads of several civilizations and large intercontinental trade routes, has participated in all the major cultural developments of the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Since the early twentieth century, its large emigrant community provides close links with both. Historically, Algeria can be divided into several large cultural areas, all distinguished by their vestimentary tradition: eastern Algeria, centered on the city of Constantine, close to Tunisia and its Mid
Source: Hinterland Warriors and Military Dress. European Empires and Exotic Uniforms, 1999, Berg Fashion Library
The zouaves . . . have certainly proved that they are what their appearance would indicate, – the most reckless, self-reliant, and complete infantry that Europe can produce. With his graceful dress, soldierly bearing, and vigilant attitude, the zouave at an outpost is the beau-ideal of a soldier.
Source: Veil. Modesty, Privacy and Resistance, 1999, Berg Fashion Library
A “historic dynamism of the veil” (Fanon’s phrase) was dramatically played out in Algeria’s struggle for independence. Fanon wrote: “The veil helped the Algerian woman to meet the new problems created by the struggle” (1967: 63). The role of the veil in liberating Algeria from French colonial occupation is popularly known, idealized, romanticized, ideologized, and fictionalized, but nonetheless real. When the French landed in Algeria in 1830 most inhabitants were Arabic-speaking Sunni Muslims (fo