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Breastfeeding, Ideology and Clothing in Nineteenth-Century France

Gal Ventura

Source: Dress and Ideology. Fashioning Identity from Antiquity to the Present, 2017, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

The human species has always been dependent on breastfeeding, at least until the last third of the nineteenth century, when Louis Pasteur (1822–1895) invented the pasteurization of animal milk to be used to feed infants. Indeed, while examining artistic depictions of infant feeding through Western history, bottle-feeding was extremely rare in comparison to nursing women.See for example: Hubert Robert, Jeune femme tenant un biberon à un bébé, 1773, oil on canvas, 22 x 27 cm, Valence, Musée des Bea

Fashion Figure Proportions

Bina Abling

Source: Fashion Sketchbook, 6th Edition, 2012, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Working on the premise that the average height for a woman is 7 to 8 heads tall, here are examples of how the business of fashion interprets the design figure.

Maternity Dress

Alden O’Brien

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Corsetry and Invisibility of Maternal Body

Leigh Summers

Source: Bound to Please. A History of the Victorian Corset, 2001, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

One of the strongest reasons for the adoption of the corset, though it is not commonly avowed, is the belief that it conduces beauty and symmetry of figure. Slender forms are usually praised, and chiefly because they are associated with the litheness and undeveloped graces of youth.Gould-WoolsonAbba, Dress Reform: A Series of Lectures Delivered in Boston, On Dress As It Affects The Health of Women, Robert Brothers, Boston, 1874, p. 208.

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