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Tweed: Terms, Descriptions, and Characteristics

Fiona Anderson

Source: Tweed, 2018, Berg Fashion Library

Book chapter

The word tweed began to be used to denote woolen cloths from Scotland in the twill weave from the 1830s.The Satirist, September 2, 1838, front cover. Before that decade, its only form was the proper noun, Tweed, which is the name of a river that flows through the Scottish Borders region. That river became well known throughout Britain and to an extent, Europe, in the early nineteenth century because of its close associations with the famous writer, Sir Walter Scott, who lived near it.D.Watson, “T

Yarns and Sewing Threads

Ingrid Johnson, Allen C. Cohen and Ajoy K. Sarkar

Source: J.J. Pizzuto’s Fabric Science, 11th Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

The formation of yarns is the next major step in the development of textile products. The simple process of making yarn predates recorded history. Cave dwellers used hair fiber from animals that were twisted into coarse yarn for ropes and nets. Eventually they refined their techniques to make yarn capable of being intertwined to produce crude fabrics.

Yarn Formation

Virginia Hencken Elsasser

Source: Textiles. Concepts and Principles, 3rd Edition, 2010, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

The American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM) defines a yarn as a continuous strand of textile fibers, filaments, or materials in a form that can be used to make fabric. Fiber properties can be enhanced or modified by the way the fibers are made into yarns. Some fibers need extensive processing to become yarns, while others, such as monofilaments, need very little processing. The resulting yarns are used to make knitted or woven fabrics. Felt and nonwoven fabrics lack yarn structure and go di

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