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Woven Fabrics

Ingrid Johnson, Allen C. Cohen and Ajoy K. Sarkar

Source: J.J. Pizzuto’s Fabric Science, 11th Edition, 2015, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter + STUDIO

Over 4,000 years ago, man created fabric through the use of a crude wood-framed loom. Typically this weaving device held yarns in an upright position as they were interlaced with one another by hand. Primeval man used this to make fabric to clothe and protect. As civilization began to develop, some woven fabric was used to indicate standing within the community. Eventually, royalty and religious figures used ornately woven fabric to indicate their stature. Looms were also used to depict stories i

Miao National Minority

Gina Corrigan

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Asia, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Today, the Miao ethnic minority live in southwestern China, their population totaling 8.9 million. Miao origins and migrations are controversial and poorly documented, but we know that attempts to subdue them have been difficult. Miao in remote mountain regions developed many garments, expressing cultural identity. In 2000 a book published in China illustrated 173 different styles of Miao dress. Following the death of Mao Zedong in 1976, the female population in the countryside again adopted trad

Woven Fabrics And Their Properties

Virginia Hencken Elsasser

Source: Textiles. Concepts and Principles, 3rd Edition, 2010, Fairchild Books Library

Book chapter

There is evidence that weaving was done as far back as 9,000 years ago in the Middle East. Early weaving was also done in both North and South America. While the speed of weaving has increased dramatically in recent years, the basic process and patterns have remained the same.

The Textile Industry

Michiel Scheffer

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

The textile industry covers the sequence of production stages, starting from fibers through clothing assembly. Europe’s textile industry has been significant in both economic and cultural history. It was the first sector to industrialize and was therefore at the core of the pervasive economic and social changes that took place in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. For more than a century, the advantages of large-scale cloth production made West Europe a world leader in this trade, but since

Technology and Fashion

Phyllis G. Tortora

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada, 2010, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

Dress in the modern world is made from a wide variety of materials. Generally, the components of dress are created and assembled by some technological process. The development of and advances in technologies used to produce fashionable dress products, however, are rarely viewed as factors related to fashion change. By exploring selected examples that originate from the time of the Industrial Revolution up to the twenty-first century, technological innovations in materials and techniques used to p

Morrales in Guatemala

Kathryn Rousso

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. Latin America and the Caribbean, 2005, Berg Fashion Library

Encyclopedia entry

As in many regions of the world, the indigenous people of Guatemala devised ways to make baskets and bags from local materials to carry and contain objects. One of these is called the morral (net bag), and it is still used by villagers living in rugged mountainous terrain where walking long distances is part of life. Their traje (traditional clothing) does not have pockets, and morrales are necessary to carry food, tools, clothing, and other items needed in the fields or market or on the journey.

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