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Sunglasses

Vanessa Brown

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Article

By the late 1960s, sunglasses were a well-established fashion accessory, having accumulated numerous valuable meanings within Western visual culture: speed, technology, military power, celebrity, travel, glamour, and the outsider cool of black American jazzmen, beatniks, rap artists, cinematic gangsters, and femmes fatales. Subsequently, sunglasses became increasingly significant to fashion, providing lucrative licensing opportunities as well as creative potential to nuance clothes with desirable

Dries Van Noten

Sandra J. Ley

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Designer Biography

Pierre Cardin

Vanessa Semmens

Source: Fashion Photography Archive 2015

Designer Biography

Garments, International Trade in

Teri Agins

Source: The Berg Companion to Fashion 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The Garment Industry and Retailing in the United States

Rob Schorman

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. The United States and Canada 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The U.S. garment industry has followed a distinctive path that at various times has seemed to position it in the vanguard of industrial development and at other times as a stubborn holdout of archaic production methods. Some characteristics of the industry have remained stable from the start: its dependence on a dense web of subcontractors arrayed in relatively small units of production, its basic workflow organization, its extreme sensitivity to consumer preferences, and its resistance to automa

Textile and Garment Manufacture and Retailing in China

Dong Shen

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. East Asia 2010

Encyclopedia entry

China’s industrial revolution started at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century. The leading sectors that fueled the industrial revolution included mining, iron production, and textile manufacturing. From the beginning, the textile industry played an important role, with major production centers in Shanghai, Wuhan, Guangzhou, Changsha, and Tianjin turning out large quantities of cotton fiber, yarn, and fabrics.

European Retailers and Global Sourcing Networks

Lotte Thomsen

Source: Berg Encyclopedia of World Dress and Fashion. West Europe 2010

Encyclopedia entry

The sourcing networks of global buyers have spread over a large range of countries and regions, and clothing consumption in West Europe in the early twenty-first century is almost entirely fed by imports from developing countries. There are considerable differences in the sourcing policies and practices of major West European retailers. But in the early twenty-first century, clothing sourcing networks—especially those based in Anglo-Saxon countries—are reaching a level of maturity that imposes ne

Miami: Ethnic Succession and Failed Restructuring

Guillermo Grenier and Alex

Source: Unravelling the Rag Trade. Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Seven World Cities 2002

Book chapter

Behind tall fences and barren walls in the north-west section of Greater Miami there are numerous small apparel firms, the epitome of Sunbelt industry. There are no smokestacks or grimy buildings, just low-lying concrete-block rectangles joined by acres and acres of pavement covered with thousands of cars. Inside the buildings is the Sunbelt’s most attractive economic asset: abundant, mostly nonunion, mostly female, low-wage immigrant labour.Low corporate tax rates are another attractive feature

Los Angeles: Wearing out Their Welcome

Ivan Light and Victoria D. Ojeda

Source: Unravelling the Rag Trade. Immigrant Entrepreneurship in Seven World Cities 2002

Book chapter

Immigrants dominated the Los Angeles garment manufacturing industry in the past, and they still do.For a personal account of the early garment industry in Los Angeles, see Orfalea (1999). However, Los Angeles was not the United States’ leading garment production centre until about 1989. In 1924 Los Angeles was the fourth largest garment manufacturing centre in the United States with an employment base of immigrant whites.In Los Angeles, Asian and Latin American immigrants replaced the ethnic whit

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